50 Shoftim


 שֹׁפְטִים וְשֹֽׁטְרִים תִּתֶּן־לְךָ בְּכָל־שְׁעָרֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר יְהוה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לְךָ לִשְׁבָטֶיךָ וְשָׁפְטוּ אֶת־הָעָם מִשְׁפַּט־צֶדֶק׃

“You shall appoint judges and officers in all your gates, which the Lord your God gives you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with just judgment.”





Brit Chadasha

Sep. 7 2024



Deut. 16:18-21:9

Isaiah 51:12-52:12

Acts 3:13-26

1Cor. 5:9-13


This fourth haftarah of consolation and comfort begins with a challenge, Isaiah points out that the people are suffering not only from externally imposed oppression, but from their own internal response—dread, reeling like a drunkard, despair.
Much of Parasha Shoftim is devoted to laws prohibiting idolatry and witchcraft, closely related to idolatry. In the ancient world rites such as sacrificial offerings were used for magical utilitarian ends (such as foretelling the future), and conversely, acts of magic were used for religious ritual (as in appeasing the gods by witchcraft). ).
In other words, magic served utilitarian ends such as foretelling the future or giving advice; since the prophet is the one who answers these needs for Israel, from the moment the Lord empowered the prophets with authority, using other means from this time became forbidden; the prophet was the one who gave counsel, foretold the word spoken by God through him.
In Deut. 16:22 You shall not set up a sacred pillar (In Hebrew Matzeva), which the Lord your God hates. Even though sacred pillars were well-liked as gods in the time of the patriarchs, since they were used to direct worship to the Lord, later He commanded that they be destroyed, because they became directed only to evil, to the foreign gods worshipped by other non-Israelite resident of the land.