Primarily we have the Biblical Feast mention in Lev. 23; Num. 28:16, 26; Num.29: 1, 7, 12, 35
The traditional Jewish feast are: Lag B’omer, Tisha B’Av, Tu B’Shvat, Purim, Simchat Torah and Hanukah, and one who is traditional but also Biblical and not many have celebrated is Rosh Chodesh or new moon.
Lev 23 talks about the feast Lev 23:2 “Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them: These are the appointed moadim of Adonai, which you are to proclaim to be holy convocations—My moadim (My appointed feasts)
As we can see these are the feast to the Lord and not Jewish feast.
As well Lev 23:4 These are the appointed feasts of Adonai, holy convocations which you are to proclaim in their appointed season.
Appointed in Hebrew is MOED, which means: specific time, specific date; commemorative date; MOADO- at the right time, on time.
Holy convocation in Hebrew is Mikraei Kodesh.
Mikra is a gathering place or an announcement to gather.
Kodesh; comes from Kadosh means Holy.
So, this is for us to understand that a Feast is: So we can understand that a Feast is: Holy announcement to gather in a place of convocation and rejoice in HIM every time he appointed us to do so, a ceremonial occasion to a commemorative holy declaration each feast.
Num 29:39 “These you shall present to the Lord at your appointed feasts”
In all the feasts to God we can find Yeshua…
- Sabbath o Shabbat as a feast from the Hebrew root lashevet means to seat down, to rest, to strike.
Exo 31:16 “the Shabbat for the sons of Israel as everlasting covenant”
Mat 12:8 For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.
- Passover or in Hebrew call Pesach. Pesach came from the root word in Hebrew passach which means: to skip, to pass over, this is how God save the people of Israel by passing over the house that was painted with the Blood of the Lamb which represent Yeshua as the Eternal Lamb of God, who brought HIS people out of bondage from Egypt. The first Pesach was celebrated in the desert, Num 9:1-5 in verse 5 we read “They observed the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did”
The second one is the Feast of the Unleavened bread or in Hebrew the feast of the Matzoth (matzah is Unleavened) Lev 23:6 On the fifteenth day of the same month is the festival of matzah; for seven days you are to eat matzah. The Matzah represent the Body of Yeshua some time we related to the stripes and holes they made when they bake it.
The counting of the Omer which starts after the Sabbath or the first day of Chag a Matzot or Unleavened bread, as we read in: Lev 23:15 “And you shall count to you from the next day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf (IN HEBREW THE OMER) of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete”. This is the preparation for the Feast of Shavuot or the first fruit.
- Feast of Shavuot has different names besides Shavuot. Is Chag Hakatzir (feast of harvest Exo 23:16) also is Chag Ha’asif (feast of Collecting grain from the field Exo 34:22) Chag Habikurim (First fruit Num 28:26 as we see in Num 13:20 and the days [are] days of the first-fruits of grapes.) Deut 16:10 Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the LORD your God.
Shavuot came after the 50 days of counting the Omer and is brought to the Temple to be waive to the Lord Lev 23:10-11.
- Rosh Hashanah is traditionally known as the Jewish New Year.
Biblically talking this is the Feast of the Trumpet or the feast of the Teruah.
Lev 23:24 Tell the people of Israel, 'In the seventh month, the first of the month is to be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy convocation announced with blasts on the shofar. Num 29:1In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you.
- The Day of Atonement or in Hebrew Yom Kippur Lev 23:27. In Jewish tradition, this day is a very solemn day; on that day according to scriptures atonement was made for all of Israel’s iniquities, transgressions and sins.
On this day in Judaism, everybody goes to the Synagogue and fasts and prays prayers of repentance and believes God will hear their prayers.
- Sukkoth or Feast of Tabernacles. In this feast we understand the people of Israel who duel on booths for 40 years and understand that Yeshua is our Tabernacles, a tabernacle of praise in our lives. In Jewish tradition when the fast for Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) ends man will go and plant the first stake for the Sukah.
After the 7th day of Sukkoth, we have a feast is call Shminit Atzeret, eight day of Assembly. Shimini means 8 in Hebrew and Atzeret means a mass meeting or public assembly for a particular purpose.
Num 29:35 On the eighth day there shall be for you an assembly. You are to do no regular work.
Shalosh Regalim are 3 feasts call “the Pilgrimage Festivals”. Regalim comes from the Hebrew regel which means foot. The 3 feasts are Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot, which are to be celebrated in Jerusalem. So, in those days people used to walk to Jerusalem to celebrate the feast.
Exo 23:14-18; 34:23 “Three times in the year all your men shall appear before the Lord, the Lord God of Israel.”
Deut 16:16 "Three times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God in the place which He chooses: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed.
Traditional Jewish Feast we celebrate
- TU B’SHBAT. - The 15th day of the Jewish month of Shvat is a holiday also known as the New Year for Trees. Tu B'Shevat is the New Year for the purpose of calculating the age of trees for tithing. Tu B'Shvat is not mentioned in the Bible but has is reference to it in the Mishna (An early written compilation of Jewish oral tradition, the basis of the Talmud) and the only thing said there is that it is the new year for trees.
- - is a Feast base on the book of Esther, It commemorates a time when the Jewish people living in Persia were saved from extermination. Purim is celebrated on the 14th day of Adar, which is usually in March. The 13th of Adar is the day that Haman chose for the extermination of the Jews, and the day that the Jews battled their enemies for their lives.
- SIMCHAT TORAH. - or literally translated is means "Rejoicing in the Torah. This holiday marks the completion of the annual cycle of weekly torah reading, the Torah which are the 5 first books of the Bible, is divided into portions that are publicly read every Friday, starting with Genesis Ch. 1 and working their way around to Deuteronomy 34.
- - the Jewish festival of rededication, also known as the festival of lights, is an eight-day festival beginning on the 25th day of the Jewish month of Kislev. Is probably one of the best-known Jewish holidays, not because of any great religious significance, but because is celebrate at the same time as Christmas.
- ROSH CHODESH.- New moon is the name for the first day of every month in the Hebrew Calendar, marked by the appearance of the new moon. The new moon is marked by the day and hour that the new crescent is observed. God establish the calendar in Exo 12:2 this month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
Traditional Jewish Feast we do not celebrate
- LAG B’OMER. - In Judaism the count of the Omer is the period of counting the Omer is also a time of semi-mourning, during which the Halacha (Book of Laws made by a combination of Rabbis) forbids haircuts, shaving, listening to live instrumental music, or conducting weddings, parties, and dinners with dancing.
- TISHA B’ AV. - means "the ninth (day) of Av." It usually occurs during August.
the Fast of the Ninth of Av is a day of mourning to commemorate the many tragedies that have befallen the Jewish People many of which coincidentally have occurred on the ninth of Av.